Arabian Leopard Wadi Noaman

Poisoning case of an Arabian Leopard ( Panthera pardus nimr ) at Wadi Noaman, North East of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

حالة تسميم نمر عربي في وادي نعمان ، شمال شرق مكة المكرمة ، المملكة العربية السعودية

By: Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa

بقلم : أ. د. نورمان (نعمان) علي بسام علي طاهر خلف اليافاوي

The poisoned Arabian Leopard at Wadi Noaman, Saudi Arabia. http://sabq.org/KhSfde

On Saturday 22nd February 2014 an Arabian leopard (Panthera pardus nimr Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833) was poisoned at Bawadi Al-Noaman Village, Koshaa Al-Jawabrah Area, Wadi Noaman, North East of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


The poisoning of an Arabian leopard, an endangered species, by a shepherd to protect his camel herd in Bawadi AlNoaman Village in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, has shocked the Saudi National Wildlife Commission (SNWC) (Arab News).

The poisoned Arabian Leopard at Bawadi Al-Noaman Village, Wadi Noaman, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Photo by: Sultan Al-Hathli. 22.02.2014. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=603659376390081&set=gm.310781622380482&type=1&theater

The shepherd Jbeir Al-Mutrefi (65 years) poisoned the camel carcass after it was found killed by a predator, in the belief that a wolf or stray dogs may have attacked the camel. Unfortunately, the predator turned out to be an Arabian leopard which has not been seen for decades (Arab News).
The SNWC officials are questioning the shepherd besides launching a search for other leopards in the area.
“No one has the right to poison any animal, endangered or otherwise. People should contact us or any other authority and we will take the necessary measures to protect both sides,” said Ahmed Al-Bouq, general manager of the SNWC. “We are now at the site and investigating the case. We have installed infrared cameras to see if there are more endangered animals in this area,” he said. 
In this case, the shepherd found one of his camels killed by an animal. “He chopped the camel and poisoned parts of its body thinking the predators could be stray dogs. But sadly, it was an Arabian Leopard and the shepherd himself was surprised when he came to know of this,” said Al-Bouq.
“The shepherd had no right to poison any animal. We call such acts blind killing because he was not targeting a certain species but the whole circle of life,” he added (Arab News).


Ahmed Al-Bouq confirmed that five Arabian leopards were killed in the same manner in Madinah, Taif, and southern provinces (Saudi Gazette).

According to Al-Bouq, the commission was working hard to save the Arabian leopard from extinction through a three-pronged initiative. “One is the captive breeding, working with around 10 leopards,” he said.
“The second measure involves research and study of wildlife by holding workshops and researches to learn more about the Arabian leopard and looking at ways and means to protect it. This also includes installing infra-red cameras and night vision cameras to monitor them and their movements,” he added. 
The third step is public awareness where the SNWC officials visit schools, universities and other educational institutes to educate people and spread awareness about this endangered animal (Arab News).

The poisoned Arabian Leopard at Bawadi Al-Noaman Village, Wadi Noaman, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Photo by: Sultan Al-Hathli. 22.02.2014. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=603659143056771&set=gm.310781622380482&type=1&theater

Al-Bouq stated the SNWC has launched a program to conserve these animals at a cost of more than Saudi Riyal 7 million (Saudi Gazette).
The program has resulted in the birth of three cubs that are now almost 10 months old. In addition, more than 70 cameras were placed in areas where Arabian leopards are believed to live.
He pointed out the center has been searching for the past 20 years for live sightings of the leopards. Such sightings were made eight years ago on the Yemeni borders and in other areas inside the Kingdom (Saudi Gazette).

The Arabian Leopard is found in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and the UAE, and in smaller numbers in Jordan and Palestine (Arab News).


“The total population of Arabian leopard may be less than 200 in the entire natural habitat, which is why we are trying our best to protect this species from getting extinct,” said Al-Bouq (Arab News).


After examination of the poisoned Arabian Leopard it was found that it was a 6-7 years old male (Akhbar Al-Buldan).

The poisoned Arabian Leopard at Bawadi Al-Noaman Village, Wadi Noaman, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Photo by: Sultan Al-Hathli. 22.02.2014. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=603659076390111&set=pcb.310781622380482&type=1&theater

وصل صباح يوم الأحد 23.02.2014 وفد من الهيئة السعودية للحياة الفطرية لمنطقة نعمان - والتي تعد أكبر وادٍ بمنطقة مكة المكرمة وتقع شمال شرق العاصمة المقدسة وتقطن فيها العديد من قبائل هذيل - للتحقيق في قتل النمر العربي النادر .

وعلمت "سبق" أنه تم العثور على النمر المقتول في منطقة "خشاع الجوابره"، وأُخذت أقوال صاحب الإبل الذي نُسبت إليه اتهامات بقتله ، بعد أن تسبب هذا النمر في نفوق عدد كبير من الإبل التي يملكها ، دون معرفته نوعية هذا الحيوان المفترس الذي تسبب في نفوقها .

وقالت المصادر لـ"سبق": إن أهل القرية قاموا بالتناوب على حراسة مواشيهم من الحيوانات المفترسة التي تكثر في المنطقة ؛ على أمل أن يفتكوا بهذا الحيوان المفترس الذي تسبب في نفوق عدد من الإبل ، واكتشف أهل المنطقة وجود جثة النمر بإحدى المناطق الجبلية ؛ محتملين أن سبب وفاته سُم تم وضعه في إحدى النياق التي فقدها صاحبها جَرّاء الفتك بها من حيوان مفترس غير معروف (صحيفة سبق الإلكترونية 23.02.2014) .

كشف جبير المطرفي "قاتل النمر العربي"، العديد من التفاصيل الجديدة بخصوص ما حدث في وادي نعمان ، صباح يوم السبت 22.02.2014 . 

وقال "المطرفي"، الذي شارف على العام الـ 65 من عمره ، ولا يملك هاتفاً جوالاً ، حيث تمَّت الاستعانة بأحد أقاربه للتواصل معه هاتفياً : " منذ ثلاثة أعوام ونحن نعاني في وادي الشقّ بنعمان من مقتل الإبل أنا وأحد جيراني , حيث فقدنا أكثر من 20 ناقة تقدر قيمتها بحوالي نصف مليون ريال , منها سبعة من إبلي وما يقارب الـ13 لأحد جيراني داخل جبال وادي نعمان الشاهقة الارتفاع " .

ويعيش جبير المطرفي ، في وادي نعمان منذ أن فتحت عيناه على الدنيا ، يمتهن رعي الإبل التي لا تزيد على الـ 20 ناقة فقط ويكتفي براتبه من الضمان الاجتماعي والذي لم يتجاوز شهرياً الـ2400 ريال ، للصرف على أبنائه العشرة , في حين لا يعتمد إلا على نفسه وأبنائه في رعاية الإبل ومتابعتها من فترة لأخرى .

ويتابع "المطرفي" سرد قصته التي تناقلتها العديد من وسائل الإعلام المحلية والعالمية : " بحثنا عن هذا السبع مراراً وتكراراً ؛ لنوقف خسائرنا المتواصلة ، ولكن لم نجده ، حيث كان يختفي لأسابيع وأحياناً لأشهر متواصلة ويظهر في ليلة واحدة ، ويلتهم ما يجد أمامه من الإبل , والتي كانت تمضي ليالي متواصلة في الأودية والجبال بحثاً عن العشب ، ولم يكن يزعجها إلا هذا السبع المفترس " .

وأضاف "المطرفي" : " كنت أعتقد أنه ذئب ضخم ، حيث لم يسبق أن أخبرتنا الحماية الفطرية بأن النمر يعيش بالقرب منا ، حتى حدثت الحادثة الأخيرة والتي كانت القشة التي قصمت ظهر هذا السبع المفترس ، عندما صحوت صباح الجمعة 21.02.2014 ، ووجدت إحدى الإبل ملقاة على الأرض ، وقد هجم السبع المفترس على بطن الناقة والتهمه بالكامل ، ووجدت آثار هروب الإبل بعيداً عن الموقع ولم أجدها إلا بعد مشقة كبيرة ، وهي في حالة من الهياج بعد هجوم السبع عليها ، حيث أعدتها للوادي وقررت أن أقضي على هذا السبع بالسم ، وهو ما يتبعه أغلب أبناء البادية في مختلف مناطق المملكة عندما يعانون الأمرَّين من السباع التي تلتهم البهائم بشكل مستمر " .

وأردف "المطرفي" : " بعد صلاة العصر تحديداً وضعت السم فيما تبقى من ناقتي المقتولة ، وعدت لمنزلي للنوم ، وفي الصباح الباكر اتجهت لأرى ذلك السبع الغادر فصعقت من هول المفاجأة عندما وجدت النمر العربي مقتولاً بجوار الناقة المسمومة ، وأخذته بكل صعوبة من موقعه حتى أوصلته إلى الوادي ، وعلقته على إحدى الأشجار الضخمة ، وفقاً لعادات القبائل العربية التي دائماً ما تُعلِّق السباع لتطمئن أهل الماشية بأن السبع الذي فتك بماشيتهم قد تم قتله " .

وأفاد : " عندما أنزلته للوادي تجمع عليه المئات والتقطوا له الصور , فالجميع لم يكن يصدق أن النمر يعيش في ذلك الوادي ، حيث لم يره أحد منذ أكثر من 40 عاماً تقريباً ، ولم يخبرنا أحد من الجهات المختصة ، وفي صبيحة اليوم التالي صحوت ولم أجد النمر في مكانه وعلمت أن أحداً قد أخذه من موقعه " .

ونفى "المطرفي"، تهمة بيعه ، وقال : " سامح الله الناس , فهناك من أتهمنا بإطلاق 30 رصاصة من الرشاش تجاهه ، وهناك من أتهمني بأنني بعته لأحد التجار بمبلغ كبير ، وذلك لم يحدث إطلاقاً " .

ويؤكد "المطرفي" قاتل النمر العربي ، أن هيئة الحماية الفطرية تعاملوا معه بإحترام ، حيث جلسوا إليه واستمعوا لقصته بالكامل ، وما زالوا حتى اليوم يترددون على موقع مقتل النمر لأخذ العديد من العينات التي يحتاجونها ؛ لإجراء الدراسات اللازمة .

"المطرفي" ، والذي تفاجأ بنبأ وجود عشرة نمور غيره في الجبال الممتدة بين "الطائف" و "مكة" قال : " لا أعلم أين أذهب , فأنا أعيش في هذا الوادي منذ ستة عقود ولن أرحل عنه , ولكني أصبحت خائفاً على أبنائي من هجمات النمور الليلية ، ولذلك منعتهم من الذهاب للإبل مساءً ، وحرصت على أن تعود الإبل بالقرب من المنزل حتى لا تتكرر حوادث مقتلها مرة أخرى " .

وأوضح "المطرفي" أنه اتفق مع الحماية الفطرية على الإبلاغ عن أي حوادث غريبة مستقبلاً ، وأضاف : " أطلب من الجهات المختصة أن تحمينا من الحيوانات المفترسة وخصوصاً تلك القادرة على قتل الإنسان , ويجب أن يضعوا طريقة للحفاظ عليها ، شريطة ألا تضر البشر " (صحيفة سبق الإلكترونية 25.02.2014) .

The poisoned Arabian Leopard at Bawadi Al-Noaman Village, Wadi Noaman, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Photo by: Sultan Al-Hathli. 22.02.2014. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=603659226390096&set=pcb.310781622380482&type=1&theater

References and Internet Websites

Arab News. Rare leopard’s poisoning puts Saudi shepherd in a tight spot. Reporter: Rima Al-Mukhtar. 24.02.2012. http://www.arabnews.com/news/530431

Facebook. Wild Life of Saudi Arabia. Photos by: Sultan Al-Hathli. https://www.facebook.com/groups/211316682326977/ 

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http://khalaf.homepage24.de/A%20Recent%20Record%20of%20the%20Arabian%20Sand%20Cat%20from%20the%20Kuwaiti%20Desert-%20State%20of%20Kuwait
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Qit Sahrawi (Desert Cat or Sand Cat). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 64, April 2007, Rabi'e Al-Awal 1428 AH. p. 21. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Article in Arabic).
http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%82%D8%B7_%D8%B5%D8%AD%D8%B1%D8%A7%
D9%88%D9%8A
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). The First Sight Record of the Arabian Sand Cat (Felis margarita harrisoni, Hemmer, Grubb and Groves 1976) from the Gaza Strip, Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 65, May 2007, Rabi'e Al-Akher 1428 AH. pp. 1-19. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Article in English; Abstract in English and Arabic, Kurzfassung in Deutsch; References in English, German and Arabic).
https://de.groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/katzen/conversations/topics/1785
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). The Presence of the Arabian Sand Cat (Felis margarita harrisoni) in the State of Qatar. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 65, May 2007, Rabi'e Al-Akher 1428 AH. p. 20. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/Wild_Predators/conversations/topics/664 & http://archive.is/gKhv6
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Die Sandkatze oder Wüstenkatze (Felis margarita, Loche 1858). Gazelle: Das Palästinensische Biologische Bulletin. Nummer 66, Juni 2007, Jamada Al-Ulla 1428 AH. Seiten 1-13. Sharjah, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate. (Article in German; References in English, German and Arabic). http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Sandkatze.html
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Haywanat Filistin (The Animals of Palestine). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. 2007. http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%AD%D9%8A%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%
AA_%D9%81%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%B7%D9%8A%D9%86
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Sanuriyat (Felidae). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. 2007. (Article in Arabic).
http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%B3%D9%86%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Der Karakal oder Wüstenluchs (Caracal caracal, von Schreber 1776). Gazelle: Das Palästinensische Biologische Bulletin. Nummer 67, Juli 2007, Jamada Al-Akhera 1428 AH. Seiten 1-12. Sharjah, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate. (Article in German; References in English, German and Arabic). http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Karakal.html
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Um Rishat (Caracal or Desert Lynx). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. 2007. (Article in Arabic).
http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A3%D9%85_%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%AA
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). The Arabian Sand Cat (Felis margarita harrisoni, Hemmer, Grubb and Groves 1976) in Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. 2007.
http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Palestine_Sand_Cat.html
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Die Sandkatze oder Wüstenkatze (Felis margarita, Loche 1858). Gazelle: Das Palästinensische Biologische Bulletin. 2007. (Article in German; References in English, German and Arabic). http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Sandkatze.html
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Behavioural Observations on the Arabian Sand Cat (Felis margarita harrisoni, Hemmer, Grubb and Groves 1976) at Al Ain Zoo, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. 2007. (Article in Arabic; References in English and German). 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Behavioural Observations on the Arabian Sand Cat (Felis margarita harrisoni, Hemmer, Grubb and Groves 1976) at the Arabia's Wildlife Centre, Desert Park, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. 2007. (Article in Arabic; References in English and German).
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Felidae Arabica. A Zoological Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1980-2007 / Felidae Arabica. Eine Zoologische Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1980-2007. ISBN 978-3-00-019568-6. Erste Auflage (First Edition), Juli 2007, 300 pp. Norman Ali Khalaf, Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Deutschland & Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (in Arabic, German and English). http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/felidaearabica.htm
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). The Story of Sabrina, the Gaza Zoo Lioness. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 73, January 2008. pp. 1-20. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
https://de.groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/Raubkatzen/conversations/topics/86
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (Text) and Nora Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf (Drawings) (2008). Qisset Al-Labu'a Sabrina fi Hadiqet Haywanat Ghaza (The Story of Sabrina, the Gaza Zoo Lioness). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Story in Arabic).
http://khalaf.homepage24.de/The%20Story%20of%20Sabrina,%20the%20Gaza%20Zoo%20Lioness
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (Text) and Nora Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf (Drawings) (2008). Qisset Al-Labu'a Sabrina fi Hadiqet Haywanat Ghaza / The Story of Sabrina, the Gaza Zoo Lioness. First Edition. Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf-vonJaffa, Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Germany & Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Publication in Summer 2008, in Arabic and English). ISBN 978-9948-03-603-6. English article Website:
http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Gaza_Lioness_Sabrina.html &
Arabic Story Website: http://khalaf.homepage24.de/The%20Story%20of%
20Sabrina,%20the%20Gaza%20Zoo%20Lioness
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). The Zanzibar Leopard (Panthera pardus adersi, Pocock 1932). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 74, February 2008. pp. 1-13. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://leopard-panthera-pardus.webs.com/zanzibarleopard.htm Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Nimer Zanjibar (Zanzibar Leopard). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al- Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 74, February 2008. Page 14. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Article in Arabic).
http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%86%D9%85%D8%B1_%D8%B2%D9%86%D8%AC%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Leopard Stamps from Zanzibar and Tanzania. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 75, March 2008. pp. 1-4. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). The Sri Lanka leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, Deraniyagala 1956). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 76, April 2008. pp. 1-17. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://leopard-panthera-pardus.webs.com/srilankaleopard.htm
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Nimer Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka leopard). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 76, April 2008. Page 18. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (in Arabic). http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%86%D9%85%D8%B1_%D8%B3%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%83%D8%A7 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). The Persian or Iranian Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor, Pocock 1927). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 77, May 2008. pp. 1-15. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://leopard-panthera-pardus.webs.com/persianleopard.htm
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Royal White Tigers (Panthera tigris, Linnaeus 1758) at Zoo d'Amnéville (Amneville Zoo), Amneville, Lorraine, France. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 78, June 2008. Pp. 1-26. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/WildCats_/conversations/topics/907
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Nimer Farisi (Persian leopard). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (in Arabic).
http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%86%D9%85%D8%B1_%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%B3%D9%8A 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher. Zoologist, Ecologist and Geologist: The Scientific References (1980-2008). http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-references.webs.com/
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Carnivora Arabica. A Zoological Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 2005-2008. / Carnivora Arabica. Eine Zoologische Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 2005-2008. First Edition, September 2008, Ramadan 1429 AH. 396 pps. Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Federal Republic of Germany. ISBN 978-9948-03-459-9. (In Arabic, English and German). http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/carnivoraarabica.htm 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008).
Carnivora Palaestina: The Carnivores of Palestine / Die Raubtiere Palästinas. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 82, October 2008, Shawal 1429 AH. pp. 1-25. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. https://de.groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/Fauna_Arabica/conversations/messages/31

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Flora and Fauna in Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 91, July 2009, Rajab 1430 AH. pp. 1-31. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://flora-fauna-palestine.webs.com/ 

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2009). Fauna Palaestina – Part One. A Zoological Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1983 – 2006 / Fauna Palaestina – Teil Eins. Eine Zoologische Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1983 – 2006. ISBN 978-9948-03-865-8. Erste Auflage/First Edition, September 2009: 412 Seiten/Pages. Self Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland. http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart1.htm 

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2010). Fauna Emiratus - Part One. Zoological Studies in the United Arab Emirates between 2004 - 2009. / Fauna Emiratus – Teil Eins. Zoologische Studien in die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate zwischen 2004 - 2009. ISBN 978-9948-15-462-4. Erste Auflage/First Edition, November 2010: 350 Seiten / Pages. Self Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunaemiratuspart1.htm 

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2012). Fauna Palaestina – Part Two. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 1983 – 2009 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Zwei. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 1983 – 2009. ISBN 978-9948-16-667-2. 1. Auflage / First Edition : July 2012, Shaaban 1433 H. 208 Seiten / Pages (Arabic Part 120 Pages and the English Part 88 Pages). Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Jerusalem, Palestine. http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart2.htm 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Der Mosbacher Löwe (Panthera leo fossilis, Reichenau 1906) / The Early Middle Pleistocene European Cave Lion (Panthera leo fossilis, Reichenau 1906). Gazelle - The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (ISSN 0178-6288). Number 101. January 2013. Pp. 1-26. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://lion-panthera-leo.webs.com/mosbacher-loewe 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Der Europäische Leopard (Panthera pardus sickenbergi, Schütt 1969) / The European Leopard (Panthera pardus sickenbergi, Schütt 1969). Gazelle - The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (ISSN 0178-6288). Number 102. February 2013. Pp. 1-17. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://leopard-panthera-pardus.webs.com/europeanleopard.htm & http://issuu.com/dr-normanalibassamkhalaf/docs/europ__ische_leopard_panthera_pardu 

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2013). Fauna Palaestina – Part Three. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 2005 – 2012 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Drei. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 2005 – 2012. ISBN 978-9950-383-35-7. Erste Auflage / First Edition : July 2013, Shaaban 1434 H. 364 pages (English Part 350 Pages and the Arabic Part 14 Pages). Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Al Quds (Jerusalem), State of Palestine. http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart3.htm 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). The Pink Panther (Panthera pardus roseus Khalaf, 2013): A New Leopard Subspecies from South Africa. Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (ISSN 0178-6288). Number 108, December 2013, Safar 1435 AH. pp. 26-42. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://leopard-panthera-pardus.webs.com/pinkpanther.htm 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Subspecies Panthera pardus roseus Khalaf, 2013. BioLib. Biological Library. http://www.biolib.cz/en/adtaxon/id300734/ 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Pink Panther (Panthera pardus roseus Khalaf, 2013). EOL. Encyclopedia of Life. http://eol.org/collections/98287 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2014). Poisoning case of an Arabian Leopard (Panthera pardus nimr) at Wadi Noaman, North East of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Gazelle - The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (ISSN 0178-6288). Number 118. October 2014. pp. 1-18. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://animals-of-makkah.webs.com/arabian-leopard-wadi-noaman Saudi Gazzette. Endangered Arabian leopard found poisoned. http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index.cfm?method=home.regcon&contentid=20140224196661 

Wikipedia. Arabian Leopard. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian_leopard

صحيفة سبق الإلكترونية . بوادي "النعمان" شرق مكة المكرمة

العثور على جثة النمر العربي في منطقة خشاع الجوابره . تقرير طلال الطلحي . 23.02.2014

http://sabq.org/KhSfde

ويكيبيديا . وادي نعمان . http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%8A_%D9%86%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86

أخبار البلدان . أخبار السعودية . الحياة الفطرية : نمر وادي نعمان "ذكر" وعمره "7 سنوات" . http://news.yemeneconomist.com/news/

صحيفة سبق الإلكترونية . قاتل النمر العربي: أفترس 20 ناقة بنصف مليون .. ولن أغادر الوادي . تقرير محمد حضاض 25.02.2014 . http://sabq.org/4vSfde

The poisoned Arabian Leopard at Bawadi Al-Noaman Village, Wadi Noaman, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. http://sabq.org/4vSfde